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Web Development (Part 4): Advantages and Disadvantages of PHP, ASP.NET, and JAVA

Programming Languages

The whole process of Web Development is nothing without Programming Languages. This kind of “language” relays instructions coming from a web developer to the system or computer. It is the number one tool in constructing or improving a software, website, CMS (whether open source CMS or custom built CMS).

Like in Web Design, Programming Languages employed in web development also have its own elements: Syntax and Semantics. Syntax is the order as well as the combination of numbers, letters, and punctuations that represents the structure and form of a language. Semantics conveys the meaning or significance of the language’s syntax.

In the survey of W3 Tech as of March 2012, the top Programming Languages for Sever-side Scripting are PHP, ASP.NET, and JAVA. True enough, a great deal of web development professionals are going for Server-side Scripting. Server-side is a script executed by the server and sent to the browser to generate dynamic pages.

Refer below as the advantages and disadvantages of each programming language are explicitly stated.


This is the web development tool that tops among the programming languages. Aside from being free of charge and open for everybody’s use, it is designed specifically to construct a dynamic type of web pages. PHP provides a complete source code for building as well as customizing a web page or CMS. It can be embedded into HTML. Integrating PHP code with the HTML/CSS/Javascipt knowledge of a programmer would be less demanding.


  1. Aside from being an open source type of language, PHP is easy to learn. Compare to other Server-side Languages, amateurs in the Field of Programming can simply find tutorials and examples about PHP.
  2. PHP is supported by almost all major operating systems and web servers.
  3. Web Development experts believed that PHP is cost-effective because it can be easily deployed. Although it is free, it can offer advanced features.


  1. PHP lays endless frameworks. Others say that some frameworks are useless and a programmer can not just master them all.
  2. Behind its power to build a dynamic site, this language is not recommended for desktop applications.


ASP.NET is a programming language driven by Microsoft. Using this web development tool, a programmer can produce a fully dynamic and interactive website. It can be combined with XML and HTML for a more robust site.


  1. ASP.NET as a web development partner could be interpreted as having an established companion (Microsoft) that has a solid methodology.
  2. Skills learned in ASP.NET can be translated in other languages such as C or C++. Likewise, it can be rendered in developing a software or mobile application.
  3. ASP.NET has less yet beneficial frameworks.


  1. This can only run and function correctly in Windows based platform or in web server that supports ASP.NET. Opting to ASP.NET’s needs would mean more cost.
  2. Programmers raised that test driven development is difficult in ASP.NET


Java is a general purpose language that has the same look and feel as but simpler to use than C++. It is schemed for use in the distributed environment of the internet. This allows the developers to create modular programs and reusable codes.


  1. Writing and debugging are not complicated. It is a platform independent language. That is, it can be moved from one computer system to another.
  2. Java provides built-in multimedia capabilities. The programmer can readily create a rich multimedia application. Using Java is the best option when thinking of multimedia.
  3. Java is a dynamic programming language. It can be adapted in the evolving environment of application, software, and web development. According to Pradnya Choudhari in the article Java Advantages and Disadvantages, new methods and properties can be added freely in a class without affecting their clients.


  1. Java is memory consuming in contrast to other web development tools such as C and C++ among others.
  2. Java’s problem is its speed; it is slower. Java Virtual Machine interprets the Java byte code to run the program. This will take more time because an interpreter is in between to transform the code into microprocessor instruction.


Programming Languages is an array. Each language has its own advantages and disadvantages. It is a matter of choice of web development professionals. Just two words to look at in deciding the right language: Objective and Sustain. What is your objective? Can you sustain it?

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